Implementing EBT (Evidence-Based Training)

This course is for staff who will design, implement, manage or commission training delivered in accordance with Evidence-Based Training (EBT) principles as described in ICAO Doc 9995.

The ICAO Evidence-based Training (EBT) concept (ICAO Doc 9995) provides a framework for delivering a competence-based model of recurrent training.  Initially intended for airline pilot recurrent training, the model can be adapted to any situation where periodic revalidation of employee competence is required. This course aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of EBT fundamentals, guiding participants through the development of the EBT framework and the implementation of necessary processes to ensure effective training programs.

Participants will explore the core elements of Evidence-Based Training, gaining practical skills in designing modules and establishing robust training processes. Additionally, the course will clarify the distinctions between EBT and other training models, such as CBTA, while also demonstrating potential synergies between them.

There are fundamental differences between EBT and the CBTA model used for other types of training. This course will explain those differences but also explain how the 2 paradigms can be used together where appropriate

For non-airline delegates, the course will explain how to adapt and apply the concepts to their local situation.

In summary, this course equips participants with the knowledge and skills needed to navigate the complexities of Evidence-Based Training. By providing practical guidance and fostering a collaborative learning environment, participants will emerge prepared to implement EBT principles in their organizations, promoting continuous improvement and competency development.

Target Audience

Training managers, course designers and pilots involved in developing modules.

Learning Experience

Virtual Classroom on ZOOM – 1 day


  • 6th June 2024
  • 9th October 2024

This course can also be organised on demand. Request are to be made to

Learning Outcomes


The learner shall be able to:

  • Describe the Evidence-Based Training philosophy
  • Describe the principles of workplace performance assessment
  • List the 4 sources of unreliability in assessment
  • List the 5 principles of adult learning
  • Describe a model of effective debriefing
  • Define the characteristics of the 3 types of EBT training event


The learner shall be able to:

  • Develop an adapted competency model and observable behaviours
  • Develop a grading system
  • Design an EBT Instructor course
  • Implement an Instructor Concordance Assurance Programme


The learner shall be able to:

  • Develop EBT modules
  • Manage an EBT project

>ICAO Manual of EBT doc 9995

About Instructor

Norman MacLeod

Norman MacLeod served in the Royal Air Force in the Education and Training specialisation, where he was trained in the Instructional Systems Design (ISD) methodology. He undertook a number of major ISD projects, including a redesign of crew training on the C-130 transport aircraft. From 1994 to 2011 he was a consultant, mainly in the field of CRM. One of his projects was the development of behavioural markers for assessment under the FAA AQP requirements. In 2007 he was invited to run a workshop on Implementing ATQP - and now EBT - on behalf of the JAA TO, in Amsterdam. He has written 2 books on course design in aviation and is a frequent speaker at international conferences on aspects of aviation training.

2 Courses

Not Enrolled

Course Includes

  • 10 Lessons